Croatia has a long climbing tradition and was among the first seven nations in the world that had founded a national climbing organization. The Croatian Climbing Society (HPD) was founded in 1874 and, at the beginning, climbing in Croatia was directed more towards scientific research concerning the natural features of the mountains, and less towards the conquest of peaks.
Many leading university professors and scientists were members of the society in the last century and in spite of this long tradition, the mountains are still the least known part of Croatia. The mountains of the Republic of Croatia mainly belong to the Dinaric range.The mountains in Dalmatia are higher and more deserted than in other parts. They represent a true challenge for climbers, both the inexperienced and experienced ones.