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The Establishment of Dubrovnik

In 7th century Latin refugees from Epidaurum (today's Cavtat) established their settlement at the rock Laus. Later on Slavs built their settlement opposite of the rock Laus, at the foot of Mount Srđ and named it Dubrava (oak in Croatian). These two settlements were divided by a channel until 12th century, when for protection reasons, both settlements were connected and when city walls construction started. Today at the place of that channel is Dubrovnik’s main…

The Origin of the Name Dubrovnik

The name Dubrovnik has its origin in the Croatian word Dubrava, meaning oak, since the Mount Srđ featured a dense oak forest called Dubrava. Until the 12th century, the city was named Ragusa – Rausa meaning rock in Latin after the rock where the first Latin settlement was established. Afterwards, when Latin settlement Ragusa and Slav settlement Dubrava get connected the Slav name overcame. There is also a story about Turkish people who called the…

The History of the Dubrovnik Republic

From its establishment the town was under the protection of the Byzantine Empire that helped Dubrovnik in the wars against Saracens (886-887), Bulgaro-Macedonians (988), and Serbs (1184). After Crusades Dubrovnik came under the sovereignty of Venice (1205-1358), and by the Peace Treaty of Zadar in 1358 it became part of the Hungarian-Croatian Kingdom. Having been granted the entire self-government (bound to pay only a tribute to the king and providing assistance with its fleet), from…

The Government of Dubrovnik Republic

The famous inscription in the Rector's Palace “Obliti privatorum, publica curate" ("Forget about personal things, take care about the public”), was the motto towards which every nobleman should strive in the conduct of public affairs. Besides Rector there were three main institutions of the Dubrovnik Republic were: the Large Council (Veliko vijeće), the Small Council (Malo vijeće) and the Senate (Vijeće umoljenih). Only male members of nobleman families were entitled to enter into councils. Dubrovnik's…

The Statute of Dubrovnik Republic

Dubrovnik enacted its own Statute as early as 1272, by codifying which, among others, codified Roman practice and local customs. The Statute included the town planning and regulations of quarantine (hygienic reasons). The Republic of Dubrovnik was very inventive regarding laws and institutions that were developed very early: - medical service was introduced in 1301; - the first pharmacy (still working) was opened in 1317; - a refuge for old people was opened in 1347;…

The Territory of Dubrovnik Republic

As it had good relations with its neighbors Dubrovnik was allowed to trade trading both in the Orient and the Mediterranean. With lots of countries and towns it had special agreements and was not paying taxes on goods sold or transported trough some country. During the several centuries Dubrovnik grew into the most powerful economic center on the south of the Adriatic, and it developed a powerful fleet of merchant and war ships. Dubrovnik had…
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