A group of refugees from Epidaurum (Cavtat), joined up with a group of refugees from Salona, established a settlement on the island of Ragusium which, in Croatian, is called Dubrovnik. Geographically and politically the town was a part of Dalmatia, which at that time was under the Byzantine Empire.
The first time the name of the town was mentioned – “Epidaurum id est Ragusium” (Epidaurum is today Ragusium) - by an anonymous cosmographer from Ravenna.
The people of Dubrovnik inhabited the tiny island entirely, and surrounded themselves with a wall. Before their arrival small communities of Illyrians and Romans had lived there. In those days Dubrovnik governed the whole of the surrounding area, which was called Astarea and stretched from Cavtat to Zaton, with outlying areas called Župa, Šumet, Rijeka, Zaton, Gruž, and also nearby areas in the vicinity of the town. Dubrovnik also held the so-called Elafite Islands: Šipan, Lopud, Koločep, St. Andrija, Daksa and Lokrum and a whole line of small islands in front of Cavtat: Supetar, Mrkan, Bobara and various other tiny islets. The settlers built the first cathedral.
Strong gales and bad weather and the pounding of the sea and wind caused Dubrovnik much damage. Later the walls were made stronger and firmer.
Arabs (Saracens) attacked Dubrovnik from the sea but the town bravely held out against a 15-month siege. When, at the request of the Dubrovnik inhabitants, the Byzantine Emperor sent his ships to help, the Saracens withdrew.
With their ships the Dubrovnik people transported Croatian and other Slavonic soldiers to take part in the liberation of Bari from the rule of the Saracens. This is the first known case of a combined attack by the fleets and armies of Dubrovnik and Croatia in the defense of the Adriatic. This event firmly linked the future of these two allies.
The Byzantine Emperor, Basil I, decided that Dalmatian towns should pay the Croatian and Slavonic rulers certain taxes to ensure peace on the lands surrounding the towns. Split, Trogir, Zadar, Osor and Krk paid taxes to Croatian rulers, while Dubrovnik paid the rulers from Zahumlje and Travunja.
At a meeting of the Church Council in Split it was decided that the Dubrovnik Bishopric should come under the Split Archbishopric.
For their patron saint the people of Dubrovnik chose St. Vlaho (St. Blasius). Following this, his image was impressed on seals and coins, painted on banners and carved in stone.
On his way to Croatia, the Macedonian Emperor, Samuilo, passed by Dubrovnik and on that occasion burned and devastated the town.
Dubrovnik became an Archbishopric and Metropolis. Kotor, Bar, Ulcinj and other bishoprics fell under her rule.
Chronology of Dubrovnik from 7th to 11th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 11th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 12th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 13th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 14th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 15th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 16th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 17th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 18th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 19th century
Prepared by Josip Lucic