Chronology of Dubrovnik in 13th century

1201

The towns of Monopoli and Bari were bound together by trade agreements with Dubrovnik.


1203

Dubrovnik and Termoli signed an agreement confirming their brotherhood and friendship. With this and other similar agreements Dubrovnik strengthened her trading position in central, and especially southern Italy.


1204

During the fourth Crusade Crusaders took possession of Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire ceased for a time to exist. The so-called Latin Empire (1202-1261) was formed and with the fall of Constantinople the Byzantine sovereignty over Dubrovnik ceased for ever.

The despot of Epirus Theodore I (1204-1215) gave Dubrovnik trading privileges.


1206

Dubrovnik signed a trade agreement with Recanati, in the province of Marche, which was renewed in 1226.

They also signed agreements with the towns Molfetta and Recanati, renewed in 1229.


1207

Dubrovnik and Kotor formed an alliance.


1210

Dubrovnik was given privileges by Demetrius, ruler of the town Kroja, in Albania, enabling them to trade freely in his land.


1211

Dubrovnik and Vigilia (Bisceglie) mutually abolished port duties and taxes.


1215

Stefan Prvovencani guaranteed free trade to Dubrovnik. This was reconfirmed in 1222.


1222

Pope Honorius III invited Dubrovnik to join in the fight against the pirates of Omiš.


1224

Dubrovnik signed a trade agreement with the towns of Termoli and Justiniana in Italy.

The Dominicans came to Dubrovnik.


1225

The Bulgarian Tsar, Ivan Asen II, allowed Dubrovnik to trade throughout the whole of his state. This privilege, as well as those granted by other rulers, promoted the development of Dubrovnik's trading in the Balkans.


1231

Dubrovnik contracted a trade agreement with the towns of Ferrara and Rimini.

They broke away from the control of Venice and banished the Duke from their town.

The pact with Ravenna was renewed.


1232

Venice forced Dubrovnik once again to bow to its authority and with an agreement forced restrictions on navigation and trade. All inhabitants of the town, aged 13 years and upwards, were obliged to swear loyalty to the Duke. This oath had to be repeated every 10 years.

They were to help Venice in wars as far as the Drac-Brindisi line with the same number of sailors as Venice, and south of this line provide a 30th part of the armed forces of Venice. They also took part, together with Venice, in an action against the Omis pirates. For goods brought back from Byzantium to be sold in Venice, Dubrovnik tradesmen had to pay a 5% tax, for goods from Egypt, Tunis and barbarian countries 20%, and from the Kingdom of Sicily 2.5%. On the other hand, for goods brought from Dalmatia, Croatia, Bosnia, Serbia and other inland areas, they were not obliged to pay any kind of tax. Annually, they were allowed to bring four shiploads of goods into Venice, not exceeding 70 tons. For trading purposes they were only allowed to sail as far as the Bay of Corinth. To sail south of this point was possible only with the Doge's permission. It soon became obvious that Dubrovnik merchants would have to channel their trade overland away from sea routes and navigation in general.


1233-1234

Radoslav, the deposed King of Raska, found shelter in Dubrovnik, where the right to give asylum was frequently exercised. No threats of any kind could persuade Dubrovnik to extradite any refugee taking refuge on their territory.


1234

Dubrovnik signed an agreement with Split and Sibenik, the Raska rulers, Radoslav and Vladislav, Duke Andrija of Hum and the Bosnian Ban, Matija Ninoslav.


1235

The inhabitants of Omis promised not to attack Dubrovnik ships. Dubrovnik signed an agreement with Ravenna and Rimini and again broke away from Venice.

The Great and Small Councils mentioned for the first time.

The Friars Minor settled in Dubrovnik.


1236

Venice once again dominated Dubrovnik. In addition to the old restrictions there were some new ones: Dubrovnik ships were not allowed to use ports north of Ancona and point Premantura in Istria, except when carrying perishables to Venice.


1237

The Despot Michael II from Epirus allowed the people of Dubrovnik the privilege of free trade in the district of Epirus.


1238-1240

By agreement Dubrovnik settled her trade relationship with Corfu.


1242

A trade agreement was signed by the people of Dubrovnik and Ulcinj.


1243

The Serbian King, Stefan Uros, allowed the people of Dubrovnik free trade in his territories.


1245

With the use of its navy and armaments, the Dubrovnik rulers forced the inhabitants of Omis to keep to the terms of the agreement (1235) in connection with the freedom of sea routes. A new and final agreement was signed by the Duke of Omis, army captains and galley commanders.


1248

Dubrovnik and Senj signed an agreement of permanent peace and friendship.


1249

The Commune of St. Elpidia in Romagna allowed Dubrovnik merchants to trade freely on their land.


1250

Dubrovnik and Trogir emphasized their friendship with an agreement between the two towns.


1251

Once again the Dubrovnik inhabitants banished the Duke from their town and cast off Venetian rule.


1252

Venice again forced Dubrovnik to bow to her superior power and renewed the agreement of subjection from the years 1232 and 1236 and added more restrictions: should Venice become banned from trading in the Kingdom of Sicily, this would also apply to Dubrovnik.

The Consilium rogatorum (Senate) formed.


1253

The people of Dubrovnik signed an agreement with the Bulgarian Tsar, Michael I Asen, against Uros. In return they obtained great trading concessions from the Tsar. After Uros had triumphed, the people of Dubrovnik made peace with him on satisfactory terms.


1254

Dubrovnik and Split signed an agreement approving closer ties and mutual concessions.


1257

The Dubrovnik people complained to Senj because they were asked to pay port fees (arboratica). They stated that all Dalmatians were freed from the payment of fees in Dalmatian ports and therefore Dubrovnik, as a Dalmatian town, should not have to pay.


1258

For the first time the Dubrovnik’ Karaka is mentioned - a type of ship which was a sailing ship only. Until that time all Dubrovnik merchant vessels navigated with sails and oars.


Before 1272

The inhabitants of the island Lastovo chose to join the Dubrovnik Community, where they stayed until the year 1808, during which period they enjoyed a certain autonomy.


1272

At a meeting of the townsfolk a statute was announced and Dubrovnik received her own fundamental law. The statute, by various decrees and supplements, codified juridical norms referring to the internal and external life of the community, administration, inheritance and other rights, trade, maritime law, crafts, urban regulations for the development of the town, sewage and so on. The statute was one of the oldest on the Adriatic and consisted of 8 books.


1277

A new customs law was completed. A large part of this law dealt with the payment and regulating of customs for the import and export of goods to the area from Vrulje near Omis, to the river Ljes in Albania. From this customs statute it is evident that the merchants of Dubrovnik traded in all kinds of textiles, wood, cattle, livestock and agricultural products, slaves, ore, specially trained hunting birds, salt, gold and gold articles.


1278

From this year on, all fiscal books and other files from the archives were maintained. The Dubrovnik Archive became an important source of information, not only in connection with Dubrovnik's past but also of Dalmatia, Croatia, especially Bosnia and Serbia, as well as the Balkan hinterland, and also the Adriatic and Mediterranean areas. From various trade agreements, labor relations, procuration, loans, insurance, wills, diplomatic guides and so forth, the depth and breadth of Dubrovnik's enrapt trade can be seen, particularly the diplomatic skill with which they succeeded in surviving and progressing.


1279

The people of Dubrovnik and Kotor re-established their relations in a detailed agreement.


1278-1288

Some notes preserved, indicating a Dubrovnik Consulate in Brskovo. From then on the Dubrovnik Consulate service developed successfully, first on the mainland and later in overseas trading centers.


1290

The Clarist monastery at Puncela was built.


1296

A huge fire broke out which devastated a large part of the town and outskirts, after which a detailed urbanistic plan was developed inside the walls. The main contours of this plan have been preserved until today.


1299-1331

The Croatian Bribir feudal lords ruled in Bosnia and Hum, and Dubrovnik again bordered directly on a Croatian state.

 

Read more:

Chronology of Dubrovnik from 7th to 11th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 11th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 12th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 13th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 14th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 15th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 16th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 17th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 18th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 19th century

 

Prepared by Josip Lucic

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