Chronology of Dubrovnik in 14th century

1301

From this year date the surviving minutes of meetings of both Great and Small Councils and the Senate. From these records one can appreciate why and how Dubrovnik was great, rich and free.


1310

The statute of the island of Lastovo was codified.


1317

The building of the Franciscan Monastery was started inside the walls, the cloister of which was decorated by Mihoje of Bar. In later years the Monastery was to have its own pharmacy, the oldest in Europe in unbroken existence.


1318

Amongst maritime documents in the Archives mention was made of the compass.


1332

The Great Council was “closed”, i. e. they listed all present members of the Council and added a few others thereby establishing the new patrician clan (nobiles), from which were elected the members of all government bodies.

Only nobles could become Government representatives, whilst commoners were excluded. The Great Council was a legislative body and the Small Council an executive one. The Senate controlled all external and internal policy. All the members of the nobility composed the Great Council, for which they qualified at the age of twenty.

In 1348 the age limit was dropped to 18 years. Above the entrance into the Great Council Chamber the inscription is carved “Obliti privatorum publica curate” (Forget your private interests, think of the public good).


1333

Dubrovnik acquired Ston and Peljesac for 8000 perpers and an annual payment of 500 perpers, which was paid to the Raska rulers. At the same time they paid an annual sum of 500 perpers to the Bosnian Ban. With the acquisition of Ston they became the owners of important salt works.


1335

A book was compiled containing all reforms (Liber Omnium Reformationum) and with all laws up to that year. The book was maintained until 1410.


1337

An official mint started to operate in which the first “dinar” (gros) was minted. The mint was situated in a building called Divona, which had previously been used as a Customs House. Until the year 1803 Dubrovnik minted her own currency. The perpera, consisting of 12 dinars, was a convertible currency.


1345

Dubrovnik extended her territory by including under her rule the island of Mljet. That same year the island's Statute was codified.


1346

The town port was protected with a thick steel chain which stretched from the break-water (mul) to the tower of St. Luke.


1347

A type of hospital was built called “Domus Christi”


1347-1371

Dubrovnik waged a bitter war with their neighbor, the noble Nikola Altomanovic, whom they eventually defeated.


1348

The black death struck down 110 members of the Great Council and 7,000 townsfolk. The Plague re-occurred in 1357, 1366, 1371, 1374 and 1391. To protect themselves, the people of Dubrovnik brought into effect quarantine for all ships. The building of the church of St. Vlaho (St. Blasius) was started at the same place where the old one had stood and this new church stood until 1706, when it was destroyed by fire.

A group of rich citizens, merchants etc., founded their own brotherhood, Antunini (called after St. Anthony).


1351

Fire-arms appeared for the first time in Dubrovnik.


1352

A community of Jews was mentioned for the first time.


1357

Dubrovnik began to trade successfully at the port of Drijeva (called today Gabela) on the river Neretva, where they leased the customs. In that particular year they paid a lease of 6000 perpers.

The Serbian Tsar, Uros, gave to Dubrovnik the strategically important hilltops above Zupa, Sumet and Rijeka, after which its people could pursue relatively peaceful cultivation of their vineyards and fields.


1358

Louis I, The Croatian-Hungarian King, compelled Venice through an Armistice in Zadar to withdraw from the eastern coast of the Adriatic. Dubrovnik broke away from the sovereignty of Venice. As an integral part of the Croatian-Dalmatian Kingdom and by an agreement contracted at Visegrad (Hungary), Dubrovnik became part of the Croatian-Hungarian Kingdom, where it stayed until the year 1526. Dubrovnik citizens pledged allegiance to the King and promised to pay an annual tax of 500 ducats, sing “laude” three times a year in the cathedral in honor of the King, display his flag and coat-of-arms, entertain him with a royal escort whenever he came to the town and to join in with their navy any conflict involving any Dalmatian town. (After this the Dubrovnik navy represented the main part of the warships of the Royal Croatian-Hungarian navy.) In return the King promised to protect the town and to recognize its ownership of inland and shore areas.

Dubrovnik was allowed to trade with Venice and Serbia, even when the King was at war with them.

With this agreement Dubrovnik achieved real peace and independence and was able to penetrate new markets far inland held by Louis.

After Dubrovnik sent the Venetian Duke back to Venice, the nobles began to elect the Duke - usually called Rector - from their own ranks.

Thus the aristocracy took over the rule of the town.


1362

Venice forbade her ships to call at Dalmatian ports to load goods. After this Dalmatian towns and Dubrovnik began to build up their own merchant fleet.


1371

From this moment on, the city was officially represented by the “Rector and Council of Dubrovnik.


1372

Dubrovnik signed an agreement with Ancona.


1373

Pope Gregory XI allowed Dubrovnik to trade with “unbelievers”.


1377

Dubrovnik was the first port on the east coast of the Adriatic to build a lazaretto and to introduce quarantine for ships and passengers. The first lazarettos were on the islands of Mrkan, Bobara and Supetar near Cavtat. Later the lazarettos were moved to St. Andrija and Mljet. In the year 1466 a lazaretto was built on Dance, near the town.


1378-1381

Dubrovnik participated in an anti-Venetian coalition, consisting of Genoa - Louis I - Dubrovnik, during the conflict over Chioggia. On that occasion friendly relations were created with Genoa, enabling ships from Dubrovnik to sail on the Tyrrhenian sea.


1382

Dubrovnik encouraged the concluding of a treaty with Zadar and the remaining towns of Dalmatia in order to protect themselves from the Venetians, and with the intention of creating a united Dalmatian alliance.

The Bosnian King, Tvrtko, built the town Novi (Herceg Novi) in order to provide Bosnia with access to the sea and to free Bosnia from its dependence on Dubrovnik ships and merchants.


1390

The First Dubrovnik Consul was installed in one of the sea ports at Siracusa on the island of Sicily.


1392

Dubrovnik again emphasized the importance of organising a defensive Dalmatian alliance against the Venetians.


1395

The Dalmatian Defense Alliance with Zadar organized by Dubrovnik.


1396

The Sultan gave the people of Dubrovnik a letter of guarantee confirming his permission for them to trade in his country.


1397

The construction of the city Clock Tower began.


1398

The first textile dye-works were set up.


1399

The Bosnian King, Ostoja, gave Dubrovnik a belt of land from Kurilo (Petrovo Selo) to Ston. In this way Dubrovnik was connected by land with its possessions on Peljesac. King Ostoja and Duke Hrvoje Vukcic Hrvatinic became Dubrovnik citizens, and were given mansions in the town valued at 1500 ducats each.

The Turkish ruler, Sarhan, guaranteed the people of Dubrovnik free trade on Turkish soil.

 

 

Read more:

Chronology of Dubrovnik from 7th to 11th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 11th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 12th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 13th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 14th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 15th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 16th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 17th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 18th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 19th century

 

Prepared by Josip Lucic

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