Chronology of Dubrovnik in 15th Century


1400

A plot conceived by four nobles and commoners against the Government in Dubrovnik did not succeed. The leaders of the plot were executed.


1403-1405

Dubrovnik was at war with King Ostoja over a border dispute. Dubrovnik was victorious.


1406-1413

The last 200 wooden houses in the town were demolished, and Dubrovnik became “the white town”, built of stone.


1413

The Book of Customs Regulations was compiled.


1413-1417

From the Croatian-Hungarian King Sigismund, the people of Dubrovnik received the islands of Korcula, Hvar and Brac. However, due to the fierce resistance of the inhabitants of Korcula, Dubrovnik abandoned the islands in the year 1416.


1416

Dubrovnik abolished slave trading.


1417

In Dubrovnik Petar Pantella organized the manufacture of textiles, the first in the Balkans.


1418

The Orlando Column was erected as a symbol of the town's autonomy.


1419

Dubrovnik extended its borders as far as the eastern part of Konavle, having bought land from Duke Sandalj Hranic.


1420

The Government founded the pharmacy which exists to the present day at Placa.


1423

The “Pacta artis vitrii” setting up the first glass factory.


1423-1427

Blaz Jurjev paints his famous Crucifixion in St. Nicholas church in Ston.


1426

Dubrovnik bought the western part of Konavle and Cavtat from Radoslav Pavlovic. With this acquisition it rounded off its lands and stopped extending its territories on land or sea.


1428

Alfonso V, the King of Aragon and Sicily, took Dubrovnik merchants under his protection.

The Great Council passed a law about workers' protection in textile manufactures, the first law of this kind in Croatia.


1430

The people of Dubrovnik acquired a new privilege from the Sultan, which allowed them to trade on the Balkans and the whole of the Turkish territory.


1432

An orphanage, “Ospedale della misericordia” was founded, one of the first orphanages in these parts. The Chamber of Wood Carvers was also founded.


1433

With the help of one of the town's citizens, Ivan Stojkovic, and intervention from the Croatian-Hungarian King Sigismund, Dubrovnik succeeded in obtaining great privileges from the Basle Council (“Privilegium navigationis ad partes Orientis”). This allowed them to trade in all countries ruled by unbelievers, to transport pilgrims and goods to the Holy Land, to maintain contact with Muslims and to build churches and install their own Consuls in their countries. The privilege also brought them almost exclusive rights to trade with the Turks, bringing them huge profits.


1435

Dubrovnik opened its first public school - a kind of classical grammar school, - which still exists today.

Because of a gunpowder explosion the Rector's palace was badly damaged and rebuilt in late Gothic style.


1436-1438

Dubrovnik acquired its first public waterworks and fountain built by Onofrio de la Cava.


1438

Dubrovnik demanded from the Hungaro-Croatian King Albrecht the privilege of free trade not only in Hungary, but in all its remaining lands.


1440

Filip de Diversis wrote his well-known Description of Dubrovnik.


1441

On the hillcrest between Zupa and Sumet the Tumba Fort was constructed. It was subsequently abandoned, but had in the meantime led to the development of the settlement Brgat Gornji.

The Government appointed its first Consul in Ancona. This particular Consulate was considered by Dubrovnik as being of utmost importance on the western coast of the Adriatic because of the threat of Venice.


1442

Coral diving developed in the seas off the islands of Sipan, Lopud, Kolocep and Lastovo. Coral divers sometimes went to work in the Aegean and around Malta. In 1442 they were exempted from port duties and taxes.

The people of Dubrovnik received a formal Charter from the Sultan allowing them free trade on Turkish territory. In return, they paid 1000 ducats annually. In 1458 this tax was increased to 15000 ducats and eventually in 1481 stabilized at 12500 ducats.


1443

Ivan Stojkovic (Johannes Stoyci), theologian, professor at the University of Paris, diplomat and writer, died. Stojkovic's work Tractatus de Ecclesia was published in Zagreb in 1986; his other works are still in manuscript. Born in 1390/95, he stated that he came from the Croatian city of Dubrovnik (De Ragusio quae est civitas in Charvatia).


1444-1445

The town's craftsmen Radoncic, Grubacevic and Utisenovic built the city bell-tower.


1446

In a letter of protest to Barcelona the authorities of Dubrovnik wrote that they “are neither Italian nor subjected to Italy, but both by their language and position they are Dalmatians, subjects of the province of Dalmatia”.


Around 1450

At this time Dubrovnik had a large number of Consulates throughout the Mediterranean. In particular in the towns and ports of Ancona, Barletta, Manfredonia, Siracusa, Trani, Crotone, Bari, Pesaro, Ortona and towards the end of the century in the ports, Naples, Polignano, Termoli, Augusta, Trapani, Vieste, Catania, Molfetta, Malta, Marseille and so on.


1451

In the diplomatic instructions to their ambassador S. Gozze it was stressed that Dubrovnik was the only free Dalmatian city ruled by the Hungarian-Croatian Crown.

The writers Djivo Gucetic and Petar Mencetic were born. The first lived until 1502 and the second until 1508.


1451-1454

The war with Stjepan Vukcic was the last war waged by Dubrovnik.


1457

Sisko Mencetic was born, a citizen who marks the beginning of a splendid era in Croatian literature.


1458

Benko Kotruljevic of Dubrovnik wrote the book On Trading and the Perfect Tradesman, the first work in the world on double-entry book-keeping.


1459

The humanist and historian Ludovik Crijevic Tubero was born. He was to write a famous book dealing with the history of his time. He died in 1527.


1460

All laws passed up to this year (from 1358) were recorded in the green book (Liber viridis).

From 1460 until the end of the Republic all laws were recorded in the yellow book (Liber croceus). Both statute books are used in the study of Dubrovnik jurisprudence.


1461

Ivan Uginovic, who painted miniatures in the Dubrovnik Statute between 1430 and 1437, died.


1461-1465

The impressive Minceta tower was finished according to the design of Michelozzo Michelozzi and Juraj Dalmatinac. The original Minceta tower had been built in 1319.


1462

The Great Council ratified the law according to which a noble who married a commoner lost his patrician rights.


1463

There was a census of the town and village population in the Republic. This was certainly the first census in Croatia and one of the first ever taken in medieval Europe.

The Government demolished the manufactures in Pile, afraid of the Turks after the fall of the Bosnian state. Later attempts to set the manufactures up again were not successful.

The famous “Poet Laurate” (poeta laureatus) Ilija Crijevic, was born. He lived until 1520.


1462-1464

The stronghold Bokar was built according to the design of Michellozzo Michellozzi.

 

 

Read more:

Chronology of Dubrovnik from 7th to 11th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 11th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 12th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 13th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 14th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 15th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 16th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 17th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 18th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 19th century

 

Prepared by Josip Lucic

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