Chronology of Dubrovnik in 17th Century


Orsat Crijevic, a Dubrovnik envoy at the Court in Madrid, announced that the previous year many Dubrovnik citizens had been to the West Indies (America). The Spanish King, Philip III, reaffirmed all Dubrovnik's old privileges given by Spanish Kings in the 15th and 16th centuries.


In Pesaro (Italy) Dubrovnik-born Mavro Orbini published his book The History of the Slavic Peoples (“Regno degli Slavi”).


On the island of Lastovo a rebellion broke out against the Dubrovnik Government because of restrictions imposed on the island's autonomy. The rebellion was encouraged by the Venetians. However, Dubrovnik subdued the uprising and reasserted its authority on the island.


The Jesuit Bartol Kasic wrote the first grammar of the Croatian language, Institutiones linguae illyricae.


According to the records of the Dubrovnik historian Jakov Lukarevic, Dubrovnik merchants traded in the Portuguese port Goa (West Indies).


Miho Pracat, ship-owner and merchant from the island of Lopud, died. His immense fortune was left to the town's charities. In the year 1633 the Republic erected a bronze bust in his memory in the courtyard of the Duke's Palace. He was the only citizen of Dubrovnik, and a commoner at that, to whom a monument was erected.

Dinko Ranjina, a poet born in 1536, who wrote Pjesni razlike, died.


Vice Bune, (born 1559) died. He had served the Spanish Kings Philip II and Philip III.

According to unconfirmed reports he had been the King's Governor in Mexico.


The philosopher and scholar Niksa Gucetic (born 1549) died. In his works he expressed the aspirations of Renaissance Europe.


The poet Dominko Zlataric died. He was known for his statement: “Illyria is my country, Dalmatia my home, Slavonia my kin, and Croatia my family”.


Historian Jakov Lukarevic (Luccari), born in 1551, died. Major work “Copiso ristretti degli annali di Ragusa”.


Marin Getaldic, mathematician and astronomer (born 1568), died. He was well known for his works on mathematical analysis and construction De resolutione et compositione mathematica(published after his death in 1630).


One of the greatest Croatian authors of the 17th century (born 1589) Ivan (Djivo) Gundulic, died. (OsmanDubravka etc.).


Dzono Palmotic, the author of melodramas and the drama Pavlimir (born 1607), died.


Dzivo Bunic, born 1591, died. A writer of anacreontic poetry and the poem Mandaljena pokornica (Repentant Magdalene).

The Jesuits took over the administration of the Dubrovnik Grammar School and began other activities.


For the first time the government allowed some commoner families of Dubrovnik or noble foreigners to enter the ranks of the Dubrovnik nobiles which were dying out.


Vladislav Mencetic (born in 1617) died. Composed Trublja Slovinska (The Slav Fanfare), which he dedicated to Croatian Ban Petar Zrinski.


A terrible earthquake demolished Dubrovnik. What was not flattened by the earthquake was consumed by fire.

Over 4,000 citizens were left under the ruins. Between 2,000 and 3,000 people survived. Buildings, manuscripts, objects of art and other priceless material and cultural articles perished.

Dubrovnik recovered thanks to the trade which was still carried on by the ships anchored in foreign ports and the generosity of people from Dubrovnik all over the world, who organised help for the stricken town.

Due to the fact that a number of aristocrats were killed and their family names died with them, the Great Council accepted amongst its aristocracy 10 of the town's families, mainly from the Antunini Fraternity. In the year 1673 another five families were accepted amongst the aristocracy.


During the War over Crete Dubrovnik succeeded in diverting trade from Split to their own town.


Nikolica Bunic, son of the poet Dzivo Bunic, preferred to die in the Turkish dungeons rather than sign an agreement which would have been harmful to his town.

An inscription was put up by the Dubrovnik people, the only public recognition ever made to one of their aristocrats.


After the catastrophic earthquake Dubrovnik re-established trade with Turkey.


Jaketa Palmotic (born 1623), poet (Dubrovnik ponovljen) and diplomat, died. He became famous for saving the interests of his town after the threats made by Turkey following the earthquake.


Stjepan Gradic (born 1613) died. Polyhistorian and poet Latinist, Envoy-Executive for the Dubrovnik Republic in Rome, Chief Librarian of the Vatican Library. After the earthquake in 1667 he organised help in Europe for his devastated town.


The “Long War” was in process. Venice captured a part of Dubrovnik's inland area and approached its borders. They presented the threat of completely surrounding and cutting off Dubrovnik's trade inland. In view of this danger, expecting the defeat of the Turks by Vienna in 1684 and hoping that the Austrian Army would capture Bosnia and Hercegovina, Dubrovnik sent emissaries to the Austrian Emperor, Leopold, in Vienna.

In 1684 the emissaries renewed an agreement contracted in Visegrad in the year 1358 and accepted the sovereignty of the Austrian Emperor over Dubrovnik as a Croatian-Hungarian King, with an annual tax of 500 ducats. At the same time Dubrovnik continued to recognise the sovereignty of Turkey; which was nothing unusual in those days. After this even greater opportunities opened up for Dubrovnik ships in ports all along the Croatian coast, in which they anchored frequently.


The first permanent diplomatic representative for Dubrovnik was installed in Rome.


Dubrovnik opened a Consulate in Rijeka and the first Consul appointed was Petar Svilokos.


“Akademija ispraznijeh” was founded, along the same lines as the Rome Arcadia, where Dubrovnik's literati gathered.


Armistice at Srijemski Karlovci. As one of the victors, Venice wanted to keep the captured territory around Dubrovnik's borders so as to cut off and destroy Dubrovnik's trade. Dubrovnik's diplomacy succeeded in separating their own and the Venetian territories on the eastern coast of the Adriatic with the arrangement that Turkey had a route to the sea via Neum and Sutorina. In this way the citizens of Dubrovnik avoided having a common border with Venice. Later attempts by Venice to change the border were unsuccessful.


Read more:

Chronology of Dubrovnik from 7th to 11th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 11th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 12th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 13th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 14th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 15th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 16th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 17th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 18th century I Chronology of Dubrovnik in 19th century


Prepared by Josip Lucic

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