Dubrovnik, one of the most attractive and famous cities of the Mediterranean, a city with unique political and cultural history (the Dubrovnik Republic, the 1272 Statute) and world-famous cultural heritage and beauty, is included in the List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Dubrovnik also offers excellent opportunities for visitors. It boats a wide selection of hotels, high ecological standards and tourist attractions and is worth seeing in all seasons. Its geographical isolation is compensated for by high standards of transport and communications, particularly through air transport and fast hydrofoil boats.
The tourist development of Dubrovnik started before the First World War and shortly after, the exclusiveness of its attractions made Dubrovnik a powerful international tourist centre.
Sightseeing in Dubrovnik requires several days. However, just a walk through Stradun and the city’s narrow streets and small squares, monumental ramparts and fortresses, provides enough opportunities to experience the millennial beauty of its shell-shaped urban core, centuries of building, stone-cutting, carving and engraving, the history of the Duke's Palace, libraries, the oldest pharmacy in Southern Europe, etc.
Dubrovnik offers a great choice of museums and galleries, which contain the jewels of Croatian heritage.
The Dubrovnik Museum in the Duke's Palace houses 15,500 exhibits in its cultural and historical department. A collection of furniture from the 17th-19th century, uniforms of dukes and councillors, aristocratic garments and many other items are exhibited in the authentic halls of the palace. The Maritime Museum (situated in the Sveti Ivan fortress) has a number exhibits on permanent display, mainly related to the maritime affairs of Dubrovnik and Croatia, with a special emphasis on the history of the Dubrovnik Republic. The museum of the Franciscan monastery houses all the inventories of the old pharmacy, as well as the works of Dubrovnik jewellers, painters and embroiderers. The museum of the Dominican monastery exhibits valuable examples of Dubrovnik painting from the 15th and the 16th centuries, as well as sculptures, jewellery, manuscripts, incunabula and sheet music. The treasury of the Dubrovnik cathedral houses the relics of St. Blaise, patron of Dubrovnik, and numerous paintings and works of art. The Rupe Ethnographical Museum presents traditional occupations and the rural architecture of the region of Dubrovnik, national costumes and hand-made textiles. The Aquarium of the Institute of Biology, situated in the Sveti Ivan fortress, is also worth a visit and displays various interesting marine species.
Dubrovnik has a number of churches, monasteries and hotels scattered all over the town. Its coastal belt is adorned with several marinas, piers and promenades. In order to see the magnificent view over mediaeval Dubrovnik, a walk along the town ramparts is a must for every visitor.
A great number of Dubrovnik restaurants and taverns offer delicious specialities of local and international cuisine. Sports and recreational facilities include playgrounds, courts and facilities for all sea and land based sports, from tennis and table tennis to sailing and yachting. There are also several gyms and fitness centres with swimming pools, saunas, massage, aerobics, solarium, box gym, etc.
Dubrovnik is famous for its quality hotels. Most of them are situated on the Lapad peninsula and in the area of Ploce, southeast of the old town. The hotel complex Dubrava - Babin Kuk on Lapad has all the features of a small town. It has a shopping centre, a bank, an out-patient hospital, many restaurants and cafés, and a street called the "New Stradun", which connects all the hotels.
Dubrovnik is a city of outstanding cultural and artistic life. The most important event in the cultural life of the city is the Dubrovnik Summer Festival (10th July - 25th August), that has been running since 1950. It is a theatre and classical and folk music festival, included in the calendar of world festivals since 1956 and one of the most famous cultural events in the world. Concerts and other performances take place on open stages in the town (Gunduliceva Poljana, Drziceva Poljana, Lovrijenac, Revelin) or in the beautiful interiors of the most famous buildings (the Duke's Palace, cloisters, churches). The repertoire includes works of Croatian and world classics and hundreds of leading personalities from Croatia and abroad have performed in Dubrovnik, including a number of world-famous actors, directors, conductors, etc. The performances of local (Lindo, Lado) and foreign folk music ensembles are an important part of the Festival.
The artistic life of Dubrovnik is characterized by numerous exhibitions that take place throughout the year. Apart from the famous galleries, such as the Art Gallery (Put Frana Supila 23), the exhibition centre, the Luza Art Centre (Stradun), Sebastian, there are occasional and permanent exhibitions held in other locations as well.
The Dubrovnik carnival festivities – the so-called Dubrovnik "karnevo" (local variant of the word "carnival") are also very famous. They have been held since the early Middle Ages, when they were brought from neighbouring Italy. Another important event is the Feast Day of St. Blaise, the Day of Dubrovnik (3rd February). The feast continues for a whole week and includes religious ceremonies, a procession through the town, concerts, sports events, entertainment and carnival events. Excursions to Dubrovnik during that week are regularly organized.
In the vicinity of Dubrovnik, in the gorge of the Ombla river, is Miho Pracat ACI Marina, which offers sleeping accommodation for 450 in the sea and 250 on the land. Boaters may also use Dubrovnik Marina.
Dubrovnik s a town, port and tourist centre of the southern Croatian coast. It lies at the foot of the limestone Srd Mount (412 m), in a valley enclosed to the southwest by the Lapad plateau and a smaller reef containing the oldest part of Dubrovnik. The ancient town centre was connected with the suburban area on the other side of the valley by the levelling and filling up of a marshy valley between the Gruz Bay to the north and Stari Porto (Old Port) to the south, as well as by the construction of the Placa (Stradun). Stradun thus became the centre of the town and its main street, connecting two opposite town gates - the Ploce Gate in the east and the Pile Gate in the west. Upon the construction of the port in Gruz Bay, Gruz was gradually annexed to Dubrovnik and became an integral part of the town. Later on, Dubrovnik was also extended as far as the Lapad peninsula, to the lower parts of the Srd slopes and outside the town ramparts toward Zupa. Dubrovnik’s climate is characterized by warm and dry summers and mild winters. The average air temperature in the coldest month (February) is 4.6 °C and in the warmest month (August) 26.2 °C. The cold half of the year accounts for 68 % of the total annual rainfall; the spring accounts for 29, the summer for 14, the autumn for 26 and the winter for 37 rainy days out of the total number of 105. Snow is extremely rare and there are 2,554 hours of sunshine a year, Dubrovnik ranks among the sunniest towns of southern Europe. In July it has 12.4 hours of sunshine a day, like Alexandria in Egypt. The vegetation is subtropical and extremely luxuriant (olives, almonds, citrus fruit, rosemary, laurel, holm oak, pine, stone pine, cypress). Southeast of the old part of the town is a tourist area called Ploce with hotels and beaches; west of it is Lapad with sports facilities, hotels, beaches and walking trails;, and to the northwest is Gruz port and Gruz. The local economy is fuelled by tourism and seafaring. The town has a number of cultural and educational institutions: the Nautical College, the Tourist College, the University Centre for Postgraduate Studies of the University of Zagreb, the Institute of History of the Croatian Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Dubrovnik Summer Festival and more.
Dubrovnik has a town port, the port of Gruz, and a marina. The old town port is protected by the Porporela breakwaters; yachts drawing up to 3 m may dock in it; smaller ships are docked in the cove of Gornja Bocina. The port of Gruz is a trading port, situated 2.5 km northwest of the ancient town core of Dubrovnik. Dubrovnik Marina is located in Komolac, in the interior part of Rijeka Dubrovacka, about 4 km from the entrance to the port of Gruz. Dubrovnik is located on the main road (M2, E65). Dubrovnik Airport is located in Cilipi.
Information provided by: Leksikografski zavod "Miroslav Krleža" & Masmedia d.o.o.
The City of Dubrovnik is part of the Dubrovnik-Neretva County. It encompasses the following settlements: Bosanka, Brsečine, Čajkovica, Čajkovići, Donje Obuljeno, Dubravica, Dubrovnik, Gornje Obuljeno, Gromača, Kliševo, Knežica, Koločep, Komolac, Lopud, Ljubač, Mokošica, Mravinjac, Mrčevo, Nova Mokošica, Orašac, Osojnik, Petrovo selo, Pobrežje, Prijevor, Riđica, Rožat, Suđurađ, Sustjepan, Luka Šipanska, Šumet, Trsteno, Zaton, and the surrounding seas.
The City of Dubrovnik has a surface area of 143.35 km2.
According to the population census in 2001, this region had 43,770 inhabitants (23,167 females, 20,603 males).